1. Mach-Zehnder modulator

The goal of this application example is to teach you how to use the IPKISS platform to design, layout and simulate a Mach-Zehnder Modulator (MZM). This device is very important in optical communications, where it’s used to modulate the light, as add-drop multiplexer or as a switch. It can also be used for a variety of other applications, such as to realize sensors or to measure the refractive index and concentration variation of solutions.

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First, we give an introduction to MZMs and their basic operation principles. We then move forward to study how to design and simulate an electro-optic phase shifter and a heater, both important building blocks of an MZM. Finally, we put all the pieces together and learn how to design and simulate a complete MZM.