1. Mach-Zehnder modulator

The goal of this application example is to teach you how to use the IPKISS platform to design, layout and simulate a Mach-Zehnder Modulator (MZM). This device is very important in optical communications, where it’s used to modulate the light, as add-drop multiplexer or as a switch. It can also be used for a variety of other applications, such as to realize sensors or to measure the refractive index and concentration variation of solutions.


First, we give an introduction to MZMs and their basic operation principles. We then move forward to study how to design and simulate an electro-optic phase shifter and a heater, both important building blocks of an MZM. Finally, we put all the pieces together and learn how to design and simulate a complete MZM.